Everyone is aware of golf handicaps (ed: other than the biggest handicap of being a golfer)! Well, we have the same sort of system in archery. Apologies for the dryness of this subject but its pretty hard to find much to make it lighter.
An archery handicap is a number between 0 and 100 indicating the ability of an archer. Essentially the lower the handicap the better the archer. Obviously the lower the number, the harder you have to work to get to that level. Every archer should have an outdoor handicap and a separate indoor handicap for each bow style they shoot.
Handicap tables are produced by Archery GB which gives a handicap for every possible score for every round irrespective of the archer’s age, gender or the bow style used. The club Records Officer should have a copy of the latest handicap tables. They can use these to calculate a member’s handicap figure. (These are Copyright D Lane 2001 so we dont have the tables as downloads for you.) The archery handicap system has three uses:
1. It helps archers to monitor their progress
2. Enables scores to be compared between different rounds.
3. Enables archers of different abilities to compete on equal terms.
Calculating a handicap is the same for both indoors/outdoors and is simple maths.
For archers without a handicap their initial figure is the average of the handicaps for the first three official rounds recorded. All handicaps are quoted in whole numbers and the average must be rounded up to the nearest whole number.
For example, if an archer shoots 3 outdoor rounds with handicaps of 64, 70 and 69 then the initial handicap is 68 (64+70+69=203 then 203÷3=67.6 which you round up to 68). Easy Peasy!
During a Season:
Once an archer has established a handicap it can be improved after each round shot. If a round is shot with a handicap at least 2 handicap points better than their current figure, then the archer’s new handicap will fall since its the average of the current handicap and the handicap for the round just completed. As with the initial handicap this must be rounded up to the nearest whole number.
• An archer with a handicap of 68 shoots a round with a handicap of 70, the handicap remains 68 (68+70=138. 138÷2=69, handicap’s do not increase so remains at 68)
• An archer with a handicap of 68 shoots a round with a handicap of 65, the handicap becomes 67 (68+66=133. 133÷2=66.5, round up = 67)
• An archer with a handicap of 68 shoots a round with a handicap of 61, the handicap becomes 65 (68+61=129. 129÷2=64.5, round up = 65)
Using Handicaps in Competition
Handicaps can be used to enable archers of all standards to compete against each other. Just a noob but your head to head opponent is scottish champion? No problem if its a handicapped competition! This is achieved by adding a certain number of points onto an archers score at the end of the round to balance out the difference ins skill. The lower an archer’s handicap, the fewer points get added to his score. The winner is the archer with the most points after the handicap has been taken into account. This means that a beginner could actually beat the world champion in a handicap match IF the beginner shot better than their handicap and the world champion only shot to his handicap.
liberal extracts from Malcolm North’s Guide to Target Archery Rounds, Scoring , Handicaps and Classifications. Herts Group of Archery Coaches. Full guide available here.